Karaburun is a district and the center town of the Karaburun district in the Turkish province of İzmir. The district area is the same as the peninsula of the same name (Karaburun Peninsula) which spears north of the tourism resorts of neighboring Çeşme and its dependencies and west of the city of İzmir. This district area is one of the westernmost points of Anatolia.
The town of Karaburun is situated close to the northern tip of the peninsula and checks the entry of the Gulf of İzmir with the town of Foça, another important tourism resort, across the waters. The district administrative zone is bordered by the districts of Çeşme and Urla in its south and faces the Greek island of Chios to the west.
The Karaburun area is much less visited than Çeşme located in its south and its rate of urbanization of 20 per cent is the lowest across İzmir Province. It provides a respite to its southern neighbor for those who want to escape the crowds of mass tourism. The coasts of the peninsula have beautiful bays and pebble or sand beaches as yet often undiscovered by outsiders.
For the main part, in contrast with Çeşme, its agriculture, fishing and livestock breeding, instead of tourism, remain the main economic activities on which the district's economy is based. The Karaburun flora and fauna present unique features that distinguish them from the Anatolian mainland. Karaburun's name is associated in Turkey with a very wide variety of flower breeds - especially narcissus and hyacinth.
Close to Karaburun is the abandoned village of Sazak whose residents were involved in the 1923 population exchange between Greece and Turkey set out in the Treaty of Lausanne. Nowadays Sazak is a ghost town rarely visited by tourists and the whole district is very quiet during winter when the population of Karaburun falls back to about 2500. Even though the owners of summer houses leave during the winter, its spectacular gorges and other scenic attractions make the peninsula a favorite destination among trekkers all year long.
There has been talk for years on starting a ferry service from İzmir to the area, allowing visitors to avoid the difficult end-portion of the land route, but this project always has opposition from the dolmuş lobby.