Anamur is a holiday destination in the province of Mersin, situated on the Mediterranean coast of southern Turkey between Antalya and Mersin. There are hotels and pensions along the beach to the southeast of the Anamur city center. The present day Anamur is a coastal resort known for its bananas and peanuts. It also has a quite uncrowded beach near Anamurium which attracts loggerhead turtles that lay their eggs on the beach at night. The local Jendarma discourage using beach umbrellas or any other objects having sharp ends, building firepits. At certain times the Jandarma closes the entrance to the beaches during the evening and throughout the night while the turtles are laying their eggs. The closest airports for boarding both international and domestic flights are in Gazipaşa and in Adana, located at a distance of 83 and 250 kilometers away respectively. The town is connected by the main highway between Antalya and Adana (D400). All buses operating between Antalya and Adana and all the way to other regional cities in southeastern Turkey have to pass through Anamur. The fare from Anamur to Antalya is about 25 Turkish lira and takes 5 hours. Silifke to Anamur takes 2 hours and costs 10 Turkish lira on the daily 10am bus from Alanya to Silifke.
Anamur is the southernmost point of Turkey and just west of the town are the ruins of the Byzantinian city of Anamurium with what is called the Fortress of Mamure lying 7 kilometers east of the town center. This fortress was built during the Roman era, extended by the Crusaders, and today remains formidable. Founded by the Phoenicians, the city was later occupied by the Assyrians and the Hittites. At the end of the 12th century the area was occupied by a nomadic tribe that had come from across the Caucasus mountains. This tribe was known by the ancient Greeks as the "Wind People" (Greek: Ανέμου γένος) after whom the city was named. The reasons behind this name are diverse, but the most likely explanation is that they worshiped a god of wind similar to the Greek Aeolus, as their primary deity. Next the city came under the rule of the Phoenicians again, and then later by the Persians. Alexander the Great brought most of this coast within his Macedonian Empire until he was succeeded by Seleucids and then by the Romans. It is said that the coast eventually was given by Mark Anthony to Cleopatra as a wedding present. Roman coins have been discovered in the course of excavations, dating to the years between Emperors Titus in A.D. 79-81 and Valevianus in A.D. 253–259. After the Romans were succeeded by the Byzantines, the city was first occupied by an Islamic Army in the time of Umar ibn al-Khattab. Turkish people reached the city in the eleventh and twelfth centuries. In the thirteenth century, the Karamanids, a clan originating in Central Anatolia, expanded their realm towards the city, building the Alaköprü Bridge and conquering the city in 1230 from Cilician Armenians. The Alaköprü Bridge can still be seen on the road to Ankara.
The local economy depends on agriculture, especially bananas, strawberries and peanuts, producing 40% of Turkey's strawberries. The weather in this area is very, very hot and there are banana plants to be seen everywhere as well as other tropical fruits such as papaya, pineapples and avocados. Even though there are Roman and Byzantinian places of historical interest, uncrowded long sandy beaches and a clean sea there is no large scale tourism developed yet. The coastal road in both directions is winding and slow, but there are major road improvements now in the direction of Mersin and Antalya with many kilometers now having four lanes. Gazipasa Airport near Alanya has been opened and direct charter flights from Amsterdam arrive twice a week. In 2012 German airlines began flights to this airport. Other airports are in Antalya or in Adana. So, even though some Turks from central Anatolia as well as foreigners from Europe (Germans/Austrians/Dutch) have holiday homes here, Anamur itself is a quiet sleepy town with no night life. Numerous large and small hotels offer good accomodation and restaurants along the small boulevard.
Around the city walls there are many Roman built tombs, which even have small entrances for visitors. The site has been excavated by Canadian teams from the University of Toronto and the University of British Columbia. Many caves including Çukurpınar, one of the longest in the world at 1420 meters and Köşekbükü, in which the air is said to be an excellent treatment for asthma or malaria.
Anamur has a Mediterranean climate having long, hot and dry summers with cool and rainy winters.
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|Source: Devlet Meteoroloji İşleri Genel Müdürlüğü